Estonia produces no significant amounts of coal, oil, or natural gas. Natural gas and petroleum products are imported. There is also some use of peat and wood waste as fuel at small heating plants. There is a reserve of 929 million metric tons of peat.
Where does Estonia get its energy from?
Almost 90% of Estonia’s power is generated using petroleum and gas derived from oil shale. The remaining power generation is primarily from biomass and wind, although small amounts of hydroelectric, natural gas and coal are also used.
What is mined in Estonia?
Estonia’s most important energetic mineral resource is oil shale. Over 80% of the mined oil shale is used to produce electricity and heating. In addition, oil shale is used to produce fuel oil, petroleum coke, pitch, bitumen and other materials. … The percentage of mining peat in other counties is five or less.
Does Estonia import energy?
Estonia is well endowed with fossil fuels mainly in the form of oil shale. It is the only country in the world where oil shale is the primary source of energy, supplying 76% of the energy used for electricity generation in 2018. … Estonia imports most of the natural gas and petroleum products it consumes.
How much energy does Estonia produce?
The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 12 bn kWh, which is 131% of the countries own usage.
Production capacities per energy source.
|Energy source||Actual total production|
|total in Estonia||11.55 bn kWh|
|percentage in Estonia||51.1 %|
|percentage USA||43.0 %|
What is the major import and export of Estonia?
The most recent imports of Estonia are led by Cars ($1.48B), Refined Petroleum ($1.37B), Coal Tar Oil ($556M), Broadcasting Equipment ($425M), and Packaged Medicaments ($399M). The most common import partners for Estonia are Russia ($2.5B), Germany ($1.94B), Finland ($1.79B), Lithuania ($1.5B), and Latvia ($1.46B).
How is power distributed in Estonia?
Legislative power is vested in the Estonian parliament. Executive power is exercised by the government, which is led by the prime minister. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Estonia is a member of United Nations, the European Union, and NATO.