Peter the Great defeated Sweden and established St. Petersburg. d. … He defeated the Swedes to gain control of the land along the Baltic Sea, and he signed a treaty with China to gain rights to lands north of Manchuria.
How did Peter the Great Get the Baltic Sea?
Peter the Great, as he became known, led his country into major conflicts with Persia, the Ottoman Empire, and Sweden. Russian victories in these wars greatly expanded Peter’s empire, and the defeat of Sweden won Russia direct access to the Baltic Sea, a lifelong obsession of the Russian leader.
Why did Peter the Great want land along the Baltic Sea?
Peter the Great wanted to re-establish a Baltic presence by regaining access to the territories that Russia had lost to Sweden in the first decades of the 17th century. … In 1700, Peter, supported by his allies, declared war on Sweden, which was at the time led by eighteen-year-old King Charles XII.
How did Russia gain a sea port on the Baltic Sea?
Peter I learned from his mistakes and turned his attention to neighboring Sweden, which owned much land along the Baltic Sea. The war began in 1700 and ended in 1709 with Russia winning land along the Baltic Sea and finally gaining a warm-water port.
Why did Peter want a port to the Baltic Sea?
The only way Russia could move the goods to and from Europe was through Arkhangelsk port, high north on the White sea. It was very expensive and long path. Peter the Great thought that opening trade routes through Baltic sea would greatly benefit the Russia’s economy and overall development of the country.
What port did Peter the Great want?
One of Peter’s great ambitions, as it had been for previous czars, was to secure a warm-water port for trade. Most Russian ports were located in the far north and froze up for part of the year. By increasing the amount of Russia’s international trade, Peter believed he would also increase its wealth and power.
What were three goals of Peter the Great?
What were 3 goals of Peter the Great & what was 1 step that he undertook to achieve each goal? Strengthen military, expand borders and centralize royal power, and westernized Europe. He brought all Russian institutions under his control.
How did Peter the Great increase his power?
Peter the Great increased his power by taking on absolutist traits, enforcing his will upon the nobility and restricting their power and customs.
Who was the longest ruling female leader of Russia?
Catherine the Great
- Catherine II, called Catherine the Great, reigned over Russia for 34 years—longer than any other female in Russian history. …
- Catherine the Great was born Sophie von Anhalt-Zerbst to Prussian prince Christian August von Anhalt-Zerbst.
Which nations did Peter the Great confront to gain to the sea?
The goal of making Russia a maritime power shaped Peter’s foreign policy. Peter’s first military efforts were directed against the Ottoman Turks. While his efforts to gain access to the Azov Sea eventually failed, his alliance with the Ottoman Empire against Persia allowed him to access the Caspian Sea.
When did Russia gain access to the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic area was then under the rule of Poland and Sweden. Russia took possession of the entire Baltic coastline down to Riga in 1721, in the reign of Peter the Great, and absorbed Baltic Lithuania in 1795 (under Catherine the Great).