Fishing: overfishing, bottom trawling and fish farming put pressure on the ecological systems in the Baltic Sea. Pollution (non-eutrophication): this consists mainly of pesticides, waste disposal, sewage, combustion and oil. The Helsinki Convention has identified 132 polluting ‘hot spots’ in the catchment area.
Why is the Baltic Sea polluted?
Baltic waters are heavily contaminated with chemicals due to farming activities in the surrounding countries, as well as with oil products from spills. Thousands of tons of unused German chemical weapons have also been dumped in the sea after the Second World War.
What environmental issue do the Baltic states face today?
One of the most serious environmental problems of the Baltic Sea is eutrophication caused by the presence of excess nutrients in the sea water, particularly nitrogen and phosphorus.
Is it safe to swim in the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic sea water is cool, but not cold at summer. … The beach is safe, and you cannot swim so far, because you will kick some sea-rocks when you go far away from the shore.
Who is polluting the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic Sea is almost totally surrounded by land and therefore more endangered by pollution than other marine areas. The sources of marine pollution are municipal and industrial waste inputs directly into the sea or via rivers, and atmospheric inputs mainly from traffic and agriculture.
Are there sharks in the Baltic?
Contrary to popular belief, there are sharks in the Baltic Sea. In fact, 31 species of sharks and closely related skates, rays and chimaeras (collectively known as cartilaginous fishes) have been recorded in this area.