Independence was secured with the Tartu Peace Treaty, signed on 2 February 1920. The first Estonian constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 15 April 1920. Established as a parliamentary democracy, legislative power was held by a 100-seat parliament or Riigikogu.
How democratic is Estonia?
Politics in Estonia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Estonian parliament. … Estonia is a member of United Nations, the European Union, and NATO.
Who rules Estonia?
|Republic of Estonia Eesti Vabariik (Estonian)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary republic|
|• President||Kersti Kaljulaid|
|• Prime Minister||Kaja Kallas|
|• Speaker of the Riigikogu||Jüri Ratas|
How did Estonia get their independence?
On 20 August 1991, Estonia declared formal independence during the Soviet military coup attempt in Moscow, reconstituting the pre-1940 state; in 2021, the country celebrates the 30th anniversary of the restoration of independence.