Who built the new Russian capital on the Gulf of Finland?

Peter the Great had founded Kronstadt in 1704 to secure his control of the Gulf of Finland and to protect St. Petersburg from any attack. One of the very darkest pages in the pages of Soviet history–and there are many dark pages there–occurred in March 1921.

Who was responsible for building a new Russian capital?

Petersburg founded by Peter the Great. After winning access to the Baltic Sea through his victories in the Great Northern War, Czar Peter I founds the city of St. Petersburg as the new Russian capital.

What major Russian city is located on the Gulf of Finland?

General presentation of the strait

The Gulf of Finland is the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) to Saint Petersburg in Russia. Major cities around the Gulf include Helsinki and Tallinn.

Who changed Russia’s capital?

In 1712, Peter the Great declared the new city of St. Petersburg as the Capital of Russia, thus displacing Moscow as the seat of government. It remained Russia’s capital city until 1918, when by Lenin’s decree Moscow was restored to its ancient primacy.

What is Stalingrad called today?

On 10 November 1961, Nikita Khrushchev’s administration changed the name of the city to Volgograd. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the city became the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast.


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Volgograd Волгоград
Founded 1589
City status since the end of the 18th century
• Body City Duma

Where is Stalingrad now?

Volgograd, formerly (until 1925) Tsaritsyn and (1925–61) Stalingrad, city and administrative centre of Volgogradoblast (region), southwestern Russia, on the Volga River. It was founded as the fortress of Tsaritsyn in 1589 to protect newly acquired Russian territory along the Volga.

Is the Baltic Sea frozen?

On the long-term average, the Baltic Sea is ice-covered at the annual maximum for about 45% of its surface area. … The remainder of the Baltic does not freeze during a normal winter, except sheltered bays and shallow lagoons such as the Curonian Lagoon.

Visit to the Baltics