The name’s modern geographical meaning comes from Eistland, Estia and Hestia in the medieval Scandinavian sources. Estonians adopted it as endonym in the mid-19th century, previously referring themselves generally as maarahvas, meaning “land people” or “country folk”.
What is the Estonia meaning?
pronoun. Estonia is defined as a Baltic republic off the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic sea. An example of Estonia is a republic on the Gulf of Finland with a population of around 1.3 million people and the official languages of Estonian and Russian. noun.
What do Estonians call themselves?
Republic of Estonia; Estonians refer to themselves as eestlased and to the country as Eesti or Eesti Vabariik.
Was Estonia a nation before 1991?
Estonia has been dominated by foreign powers through much of its history. In 1940 it was incorporated into the U.S.S.R. as one of its constituent republics. Estonia remained a Soviet republic until 1991, when, along with the other Baltic states, it declared its independence.
What race are Estonians?
Estonians (Estonian: eestlased) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Estonia who speak the Estonian language and share a common culture and history.
Do they speak English in Estonia?
This so-called “elven” language is spoken by around 1.1 million people globally. Estonia has one of the highest literacy rates in the world at 99.8% and nearly everyone speaks a foreign language, most commonly English and Russian, but also Finnish, German or Swedish.
Is living in Estonia safe?
Estonia is one of Europe’s most spacious countries. … In Estonia you are never more than a 30-minute drive away from a forest or a lake. The living environment is very clean, relaxed and safe. According to the World Health Organization, Estonia has the best overall air quality in the entire world.