Agriculture is the foundation of Estonia’s significant food-processing industry. Principal crops include potatoes, barley, and hay. Livestock farming, notably of cattle and pigs, is also important.
What crops are grown in Estonia?
Main crops grown are barley, rye, wheat, oats, legumes, vegetables, potato, field grasses, annual fodder crops. The need of the country is to be entirely supplied from the local production. Higher quality wheat is needed for pasta (macaroni) products and white bread.
What food does Estonia export?
Estonian food exports include dairy products, meat, fish, and beverages. Important Estonia exports to the United States include forest products, cheeses, frozen fish and fish preparations, as well as starch, glues, and cotton articles.
Is Estonia good for farming?
Due to the country’s geographical location and climate, Estonia is well-suited for dairy farming, and the Estonian islands and seaside regions are also very good for beef cattle farming.
Why is Estonia rich?
The Estonians now have the rule of law, the lowest debt‐to‐GDP ratio in the EU, a balanced budget, free trade, and a flat‐rate income tax — all of which have led to their high economic growth and prosperity.
How much arable land is Estonia?
Arable land (% of land area) in Estonia was reported at 15.83 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.