In a short period of time, around 100,000 Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians were sent to Siberia in cattle trucks to scratch a living from the permafrost in labor camps. Some died on the way, some died as the years passed – and a few made it home.
How many people were deported from Latvia?
Out of all the deportees, approximately 5,000 or around 34%-40% of the total number died in exile, on the journey or in executions; The second deportation under Operation Priboi of 25 March 1949, when 42,113–43,000 people were deported.
Where did Stalin deport people?
“On a single day, 19 November 1943, the Soviets deported the entire Karachai population, some 69,267 people, to Soviet Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Over the course of two days, 28-29 December 1943, the Soviets dispatched 91,919 Kalmyks to Siberia (15).”
How many Estonians were sent to Siberia?
1948: Confronted with the large insurrection that followed the Baltic States’ annexation, the Soviet central apparatus decided to deport new groups of Lithuanians, Estonians and Latvians: about 48,000 persons were sent to Siberia.
How many people were deported from the Baltic states?
More than 200,000 people are estimated to have been deported from the Baltic in 1940–1953. In addition, at least 75,000 were sent to Gulag.
How many kulaks were killed?
In 1930 around 20,000 “kulaks” were killed by the Soviet government. Widespread famine ensued from collectivization and affected Ukraine, southern Russia, and other parts of the USSR, with the death toll estimated at between 5 and 10 million.
What did Stalin do about the Georgian uprising?
Red Army and Cheka troops, under orders of the Georgian Bolsheviks Joseph Stalin and Sergo Ordzhonikidze, suppressed the insurrection and instigated a wave of mass repressions that killed several thousand Georgians.