How many people were deported from Estonia?

About 7,550 families, or 20,600 to 20,700 people, were deported from Estonia. The Estonian Internal Security Service has brought to justice several organizers of these events.

How many Estonians were deported to Siberia?

On 14 June 1941, the Soviet Union forcibly deported over 10,000 people from Estonia to Siberia – over 7,000 were women, children, and elderly people; the date is now observed as a day of mourning.

How many people were deported from the Baltic states?

More than 200,000 people are estimated to have been deported from the Baltic in 1940–1953. In addition, at least 75,000 were sent to Gulag.

How many people were deported under Stalin?

Stalin deported roughly 900,000 Soviet Germans along with 90,000 Finns in 1941-1942, and over 40,000 died in their exile (16). Stalin’s security chief Lavrenty Beria recommended the deportation of whole peoples accused of collaborating with the Germans.

How many Latvians were deported to Siberia?

On March 25 the Baltic countries remember the victims of the 1949 mass deportations, during which over 42,000 Latvian residents (2% of the pre-war population) were deported to labor camps, or gulags, in Siberia.

How many kulaks were killed?

In 1930 around 20,000 “kulaks” were killed by the Soviet government. Widespread famine ensued from collectivization and affected Ukraine, southern Russia, and other parts of the USSR, with the death toll estimated at between 5 and 10 million.

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Who did Stalin exile to Serbia?

He became one of the seven members of the first Bolshevik Politburo in 1919. After the death of Lenin (January 1924) and the rise of Joseph Stalin, Trotsky lost his government positions; he was eventually expelled from the Soviet Union in February 1929.

How did Gorbachev try to change the Soviet economy?

Gorbachev brought perestroika to the Soviet Union’s foreign economic sector with measures that Soviet economists considered bold at that time. His programme virtually eliminated the monopoly that the Ministry of Foreign Trade had once held on most trade operations.

What is a kulak in Russia?

Kulak, (Russian: “fist”), in Russian and Soviet history, a wealthy or prosperous peasant, generally characterized as one who owned a relatively large farm and several head of cattle and horses and who was financially capable of employing hired labour and leasing land.

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