The official languages (national languages) of Finland are Finnish and Swedish. In addition to Finnish and Swedish, there are other languages in Finland whose users’ rights are laid down in law. The Saami languages are the languages of the indigenous population of Finland.
Are Swedish and Finnish the same language?
Swedish and Russian are both Indo-European languages, whereas Finnish belongs to the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic family of languages. … Finnish is one of the two official languages in Finland (the other being Swedish) and one of the official languages of the European Union.
When did Swedish become an official language of Finland?
Though less than 10% of Finnish people speak Swedish today, the language was important in the country from the 16th century to the late 19th century. Swedish became one of the official languages of Finland in 1863.
What religion is in Finland?
As of 2019 about 69% of the population were members of the main national church, the Lutheran Church of Finland, with just over 1% belonging to the second national church, Finland’s Orthodox Church. There are also Catholic, Jewish and Islamic congregations as well as numerous smaller religious communities.
What is the hardest language to learn?
The Hardest Languages To Learn For English Speakers
- Mandarin Chinese. Interestingly, the hardest language to learn is also the most widely spoken native language in the world. …
- Arabic. …
- Polish. …
- Russian. …
- Turkish. …
Is Finnish a dying language?
No, Finnish is not a dying language. It is an official language in Finland and is not only spoken by over 5.5 million native Finns, it is Finland’s primary language for school, news, media and daily use. That guarantees that the language is being taught to and used by the younger generation.
Is Finland by Sweden?
The two countries are closely linked — Finland constituted the eastern half of Sweden until 1809, when Sweden ceded Finland to Russia with the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
Can you get by with Swedish in Finland?
Finland is a bilingual country according to its constitution. This means that members of the Swedish language minority have the right to communicate with the state authorities in their mother tongue. … Both languages can be used in all communications with the civil servants in such a town.
How many Finns live in Sweden?
Today, approximately 450,000 first- and second-generation Swedish Finns live in Sweden, of whom about half speak Finnish. The majority moved to Sweden after World War II.