On June 17, 1940, Latvia was invaded and occupied by the Red Army. On June 20 the formation of a new government was announced, and the Soviets organized elections in which only one list of candidates was allowed. Meanwhile, President Ulmanis was deported.
How long did Russia occupy Latvia?
First I would like to state that for me it is completely clear that Latvia was occupied three times: by the Soviet Union in 1940-1941, by Germany in 1941–1944/45, and by the Soviet Union in 1944/45-1991.
Why were Latvians sent to Siberia?
In a short period of time, around 100,000 Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians were sent to Siberia in cattle trucks to scratch a living from the permafrost in labor camps. Some died on the way, some died as the years passed – and a few made it home.
Is Latvia under Russian control?
Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania had been part of the Russian Empire since the end of the 18th century, but after the Russian Revolution of 1917 they became independent states.