The Baltic Sea is one of the biggest brackish seas in the world with limited exchange with the open sea through the Danish straits. The salinity of the Baltic Sea east of 13°E ranges between 13 g/kg at the bottom in the central Baltic Sea and 2 g/kg at the surface in the Bothnian Bay (cf. Figure 1).
Why is the Baltic Sea not salty?
The unique Baltic Sea. The Baltic Sea is the youngest sea of our planet. … Due to massive freshwater runoff from the land and limited salt water inflows from the Danish straits, the salinity of the Baltic Sea is much lower than that of the oceans, and the water is considered to be brackish water instead of sea water.
Can you swim in the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic sea water is cool, but not cold at summer. … The beach is safe, and you cannot swim so far, because you will kick some sea-rocks when you go far away from the shore. The water is shallow, just go to try it, no harm.
Are there sharks in the Baltic?
Contrary to popular belief, there are sharks in the Baltic Sea. In fact, 31 species of sharks and closely related skates, rays and chimaeras (collectively known as cartilaginous fishes) have been recorded in this area.
What does Baltic mean?
1 : of or relating to the Baltic Sea or to the states of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. 2 : of or relating to a branch of the Indo-European language family containing Latvian, Lithuanian, and Old Prussian — see Indo-European Languages Table.
Who pollutes the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic Sea is almost totally surrounded by land and therefore more endangered by pollution than other marine areas. The sources of marine pollution are municipal and industrial waste inputs directly into the sea or via rivers, and atmospheric inputs mainly from traffic and agriculture.
Is the Baltic Sea a lake?
The first map shows the Baltic Ice Lake 14,500 – 11,500 years ago, which is a fresh water lake. … The influx of salt water stops, and the Baltic Sea becomes a closed fresh water lake again. Through the continous melting of the ice, the water level rises by 5-10 cm per year.
Is the Baltic Sea cold?
Baltic Sea isn’t exactly warm ever, even though sheltered small bays may get quite warm in the late summer. The locals swim in the Baltic Sea, but it may be quite chilly, if you expect it to be warm in any sense.
What lives in the Baltic Sea?
The Baltic Sea
|Herring – eastern||Clupea harengus||moderate|
|Salmon (main basin and Gulf of Bothnia)||Salmo salar||high|
|Salmon (Gulf of Finland)||Salmo salar||high|